MEMTEC Conference Background
In light of the tremendous advances in the defence sector, the military power of nations is no longer measured solely by the size of its armed forces, but rather its optimisation through modern technological solutions. MEMTEC will showcase how these global developments will reshape conflicts in the Middle East.
During the last few decades, military technology has been a key focus for many countries, especially in the West, as reflected in the volume of investment in this field. Technology not only enhances the capabilities of armed forces, but also significantly impacts the quality and effectiveness in preparation for national defence. Technology also impacts the military doctrine of countries, a clear examples can be seen in the increasing number of countries that have established cyber warfare units within their armed forces or intelligence agencies.
Given the importance of military technology to the development of armed forces in response to the rapid ups and downs in threats to the national security of states and given the role of technology in minimising post-conflict impact, there are five challenges facing this technology:
First, issues related to the appropriation of military technology by foreign states or non-state groups that may seek to target the vital installations, especially oil, of other countries.
Second, despite the fact that a number of western countries are the acknowledged leaders in the field of acquiring and developing military technology, there are other countries that are in the process of becoming serious competitors to these western countries, especially in the area of cyberspace. Furthermore, highly expensive military technologies can be targeted by low-cost military technology and weaponry.
Third, although sanctions have been imposed on certain countries that have sought to use technology to develop weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery such as long-range missiles, these countries continue to seek to circumvent those sanctions, which represents a challenge to both regional security and global security.
Fourth, several countries in conflict-ridden regions seek to obtain advanced missile systems. This could lead to the exacerbation of the imbalance of power and thus prolong conflicts.
Fifth, in view of the ease of waging wars through the use of military technology, it would be possible for any country to target vital installations and infrastructure in another country without having to wage a conventional war.
Based on the above, the Middle East Military Technology Conference (MEMTEC) aims to discuss issues related to the above points, including the current status and future of military technology, cyber defence strategies, the impact of artificial intelligence on the functions of armed forces, the use of military technology to develop simulation models of war, the impact of military technology on regional conflicts and the future of military industries in Middle East states.